Apple fruits scientific name: Malus domestica
There are several varieties of apple fruits and they are round or oval in shapes. A perfect apple color is mixed with pink and white stripped on the outside. The outside of the apple has surrounded by a peel, which holds the inner part. Its outer skin is thin and smooth. The flesh is soft, sweet, and juicy to eat. Its flesh on the inside is pale white color and there are a few seeds in the fruit’s flesh.
Apricot scientific name: Prunus armeniaca
This is an orange-colored round shaped fruit. It is sweet to eat. It’s use as a variety of spicy cooking ingredients. Fruits are use as food and are also use as oils. Its outer cover has thin wools, and it’s felt like soft fur. There’s a seed in the middle of it and the color of seed is brown. These fruits are very similar to the apple.
Avocado scientific name: Persea americana
This fruits are available in large quantities of flesh and the flesh inside it is as soft as butter. It has only one seed inside its flesh and the peel on the outside is a little thick and smooth-less. Full size avocado fruits are dark-green color and the inner part is the brown color. It is very similar to the pear.
Banana scientific name: Musa
This fruit is available in almost all countries. Its look slightly curved in the middle. It is green in raw and yellow when ripe. The fruit is first peeled off and then eat. There are many varieties of banana fruits are available. We can also eat raw bananas as curry.
Bilberry scientific name: Vaccinium myrtillus
This is a berry fruit, which is a round shaped and smooth. Bilberry’s taste is tart and sweet. It’s also called whortleberry. It has a tiny wheel hole at the end of the berry. Those’re grown singly or in pairs. It looks like a mixture of red, black, and purple color. This fruit is very similar to Blueberry. But they are softer and juicy than blueberries.
Blackberry scientific name: Rubus
This is a kind of berry fruit. Its color is black. However, the light red color is visible until it is full. This fruit is lightly sweet to eat and the inner part looks like jelly, which is very soft. The small’s berry has a knot together in a group. They have seeds inside.
Blueberry scientific name: Cyanococcus
This is a berry fruit, which is a round shaped and juicy taste. They are first light green color, then become blackish-red or purple color. Ultimately, dark purple color when ripe. It has a flared crown at the end. Blueberry is sour, sweet and juicy to eat. It has many smalls’ seeds inside it. The fruit has a very similar to bilberry.
This is a hybrid of mandarin orange and sweet orange. Its outer peel is shiny smooth and its color is orange. The inner flesh color of the fruit is orange or slightly yellowish and the flesh inside it is covered in separate membranes. Its flesh is juicy and sweet to eat. There are a few seeds inside the flesh. It’s also known as seedless orange.
Custard apple scientific name: Annona reticulata
This fruit can be different in shapes. Sometimes they are round shaped, sometimes like a heart shape or sometimes they are apple shape. The color of this fruit when ripe can be yellow, golden, brown or light red color. These fruit contain a few smalls’ cells and each cell contains one seed. The soft and juicy part that surrounds the seed is to eat. Its flesh is juicy sweet and pleasant. Many people called it sugar apple or cherimoya.
Carambola scientific name: Averrhoa carambola
This fruit is elliptical in shapes. It is green in raw and yellow or golden color when ripe. Its outer skin is thin, smooth, and waxy. Carambola is very sour to eat, but it’s a bit sweet when mature. It usually has five ridges. For these five ridges, it looks like a star when it cuts into the cross. That’s why many people call it star fruit.
Coconut scientific name: Cocos nucifera
This is a type of palm fruit. The layer that is on top of the coconut is called coir. The fruit has a hard cover inside the coir. Inside the hard cover there is a kind of white flesh. This white flesh is eaten as coconut. The taste of coconut flesh is sweet. There is a lot of water inside the flesh which called coconut water. The water of coconut is slight sweet to eat.
COOKING BANANA FRUITS
Cooking banana scientific name: Musa × paradisiaca
It is basically refers to as plantain or raw banana or green banana. They are produced through cultivation. There are several castes of these fruit. They look taller shaped and green color. Its outer cover is smooth and a little bit hard. The inner flesh of the fruit is pale white in color. Inside its meat there are many small seeds. Many people make varieties of recipes by mixing cooking banana with vegetables.
Damson scientific name: Prunus domestica subsp. insititia
These fruits are rounded shaped or oval shaped. The color of this fruit is usually blue, but there are several varieties of it. The color of the damson can be black, yellow, or red by caste. It’s surrounded by a thin peel. Its taste is sweet and a little sour to eat. It has a tough seed in the middle.
Date palm scientific name: Phoenix dactylifera
This is a fibrous and extra sweet fruit. They look round and slightly taller (1 or 1.5 inches). A full date palm can be bright red, yellow or slightly black color. The flesh inside it is very soft, grainy and fibrous. There is only one seed inside the flesh. The inner flesh is the brown color, and these are bounded by a thin peel on the outside.
Feijoa scientific name: Acca sellowiana
This is a green fruit with flavors and aroma that looks like an oval. Feijoa fruit is sweet, soft and juicy to eat. The flesh on the inside is white or brown color and looks like jelly. The inner fleshes are enclosed by a thin peel from outside. There are many smalls seeds in the flesh and the seeds are divided separately.
Fig scientific name: Ficus carica
This fruit is oval shaped, look like garlic or jujube. The outer part of fig looks like a fur touch and its inside flesh blown and grainy. They are lightly sweet and delicious to eat. The inner flesh of the fruit is pink or white color and outer skin is blue or green color.
Grapefruit scientific name: Citrus × paradisi
The fruit looks like orange or yellow color and round shaped. There are a few castes of it and it can be red, white, green or pink color by castes. While eating the fruit, it is bitter with a bit of a sweet-sour mixture. Its inner fleshes are separated into a few membranes. There are a few small seeds in the flesh. The color of the flesh is pink, white, yellow, or red.
Guava scientific name: Psidium guajava
There are several varieties of Guava fruit. It is strong in raw and the outer color is green. Its body has joined to a thin peel. The fruit contains a lot of flesh and the flesh is full of many smalls’ seed. The flesh is white colored. It is slightly sweet, juicy and creamy to eat.
Grape scientific name: Vitis
Basically the color of the fruit is green. However, there are many varieties of grapes and the varieties can be of different by colors such as purple, pink, blue, orange or green color. This fruit has surrounded by a thin peel from the outside. Grapes can be eaten raw or fresh laid from the tree. The grapes are full of juice and there is no seed inside it. Raw grapes can be dried to make raisins.
Honeydew scientific name: Cucumis melo
It is a kind of melon fruit that is round or oval shaped. It’s also called honeymelon. Its outer color is green or white or slightly yellowish. Its inner fleshes are enclosed by a thin and smooth peel. It has zigzag lines above its peel. Its inner fleshes color is pale green or white and the fleshes are light sweet and creamy tasted. In its flesh, there are many small seeds are enclosed in the membrane. This fruit is very similar to the muskmelon.
Java apple scientific name: Syzygium samarangense
This is the fruit of the tropical region which is hour shaped. Java apple can be eaten both as raw and ripe. It has different colors. However, white or light green or red-pink color is more available. The upper part of the fruit has surrounded by a thin and smooth cover. This fruit is slightly sweet to eat. There are some small seeds inside the flesh.
Jujube scientific name: Ziziphus jujuba
There are many castes of jujube fruit. They are smalls in size and oval or round shaped. Its color can be red, yellow, pink or brown and the flesh inside it is the white color. The fruits covered by a thin peel. It’s sweet and light sour to eat. It has only one seed inside the flesh. These fruits can be stored by drying in the sun.
Kiwano scientific name: Cucumis metuliferus
This is a type of cucumber fruit which is vertical shaped. It also called horned melon. There are small spikes (thorny) on the upper side of the kiwano fruit. Its outer color is orange and inner color is greenish. There is a lot of flesh like jelly on the inside and they taste like sweet less cucumber. There are numerous small seeds inside the flesh. These fruits can be eaten with peel and seeds.
Kumquat scientific name: Citrus japonica
This fruit color is light orange, golden or yellowish. The inner flesh inside kumquat looks like jelly and a little sour taste. Its inner fleshes arranged by layering. This fruits also eat with its outer skin and its outer skin or peel’s taste is sweet. There are a few seeds inside it.
Kiwifruit scientific name: Actinidia deliciosa
It looks like brown color and its flesh is green or light yellowish color. It is an oval shape and its outer peel’s attached to its flesh. There are a lot of fleshes on the inside and it has many small black seeds in the flesh. They can be eaten both fleshes and seeds. This fruit is sweet and juicy to eat.
Lemon scientific name: Citrus × limon
The outside of lemon has surrounded by a thick peel. Its color is green or bright yellow and looks like oval shaped. The flesh on the inside of the fruit is pale white color, and it flesh’s divided into different parts. This fruit has some small seeds inside its flesh.
Longan scientific name: Dimocarpus longan
These fruits are rounded shaped and its exterior color is light brown. The outer skin of longan is thin and crisp. The flesh on the inside is transparent and pale white color. Its inner flesh is juicy and sweet in taste. It has only one hard seed inside its flesh, which color is deep brown or black. This fruit is very similar to lychee.
Loquat scientific name: Eriobotrya japonica
Its outer color can be pink, yellow, light red or orange color. Loquat fruit is sweet and butter flavored to eat. Its flesh on the inside is white or yellowish color and there are a few seeds in the flesh. The colors of seeds are brown or black. The outer skin of the fruit is thin and surrounded by wool.
Lychee scientific name: Litchi chinensis
It’s a juicy fruit of the equatorial and tropical regions. This fruits look like strawberries on the outside. The outside of lychee has surrounded by a peel, which holds the inner part. There is only one seed inside it, which is inedible. The outer part of the lychee is the red color and the flesh on the inside is the white color.
Mandarin orange scientific name: Citrus reticulata
It’s rich in juice and looks round shaped. A full fruit is a bright yellow color. Leaving the orange outer cover has a thin layer of a white color on the inside. These fruit contain a few smalls’ cells and each cell contains the seed. These seeds are white color.
Mango scientific name: Mangifera indica
This fruit is green in the raw and yellow or light red color when ripe. It has a big seed in the middle, which is not eatable. Mango fruit can be store up to 2-5 days in normal room temperature. We can make sauce, pickle and jelly by mixing other ingredients with the raw mango.
Mangosteen scientific name: Garcinia mangostana
These fruits may contain varieties colors, such as: blood color, deep violet, pink, yellow, green etc. But basically is blood color. The outside of the mangosteen fruit has surrounded by a thick and flexible peel. Its inner flesh color is shiny white and its fleshes are divided into 2-8 cells. The flesh of the fruit is slightly thicker or lighter hard and these are slightly sweet and creamy flavored to eat. Each cell contains one seed.
Melon scientific name: Citrullus lanatus
This is a type of cucumber fruit which is quite large in size. The fruit is burst when ripe. It looks like a sweet pumpkin. It has surrounded by a peel, which holds the inner part. The inner flesh is pale white or slight yellow color. It is lightly sweet and grainy to eat. It’s empty in the center and the empty part contains some seeds. Raw melons can be cooked and eaten as vegetables.
Orange scientific name: Citrus X sinensis
This is a juicy fruit, which is round in shaped. Its color is orange. The flesh inside it contains a lot of juice. It (Malta) is a mixture of light sour and light sweet to eat. It has some small seeds inside its flesh. The fruit is very similar to mandarin orange.
Olive scientific name: Olea europaea
It is a sour fruit in the tropical region. Olive can be eaten in both raw and ripe. Its color is deep green. The outside of the olive fruit has a thin and smooth cover which holds the inner flesh. Raw fruit fleshes are extremely tart tasted. There is a hard seed inside the flesh which color is brown.
Papaya scientific name: Carica papaya
It is a fruit that can be eaten both raw and ripe and cooked as vegetables. Papaya is green color in raw and hold yellow or light red color when ripe. The outside of the fruit has surrounded by a smooth peel, which holds the inner part. The inner flesh is juicy and sweet to eat and there are some black color seed into the flesh.
Persimmon scientific name: Diospyros kaki
To see a full persimmon fruit is like orange or yellow color and its round shaped like a tomato. There is a cover attached to it when the fruit’s laid out from the tree. The flesh inside it looks like jelly. It’s sweet and grainy to eat. There are a few seeds inside it and the color of seed is deep brown or black.
Pear scientific name: Pyrus
This is a kind of juicy fruit which is hour shaped. However, they are laid from the tree before ripe and are saved. They are marketed as jam, jelly or juice. In ripe pears have a nice aroma. The fruit has a thin cover on the outside and the cover is green or reddish color. There are white fleshes inside the cover and the fleshes contain a few seeds.
Passion fruit scientific name: Passiflora edulis
Its color is yellow, pink or violet and it is round or oval shaped. Its outer skin is smooth and a little thick. It can be eaten both raw and ripe. It is sweet and juicy taste like guava. These fruit contain a few smalls’ cells and each cell contains one seed. Each seed is individually trapped inside the membrane.
Peach scientific name: Prunus persica
This is a sweet tasted fruit which is round shaped. There are several varieties of it. The outer color of this fruit is yellow or pink. Peach fruits exterior part is thin and smooth. Its inner flesh is pale white or slightly yellow color. The taste of peach fruit is soft, sweet and juicy to eat. There is only one hard seed inside the fleshes.
Pomelo scientific name: Citrus maxima
The color of the pomelo fruit is pale green or slightly yellowish. The outer peel of the fruit is soft and a bit thick. The inner fleshes are juicy, lightly sweet and a little bit bitter taste. Inner fleshes are separated into a few membranes. There are a lot of small cells inside the membranes. Each membrane contains a few seeds.
Pomegranate scientific name: Punica granatum
This fruit looks like rounded in shape. A full pomegranate fruit is a bright red or slightly yellowish color. It contains a few smalls’ cells and each cell contains one seed. The cells are bright red in color and granular in appearance. This fruit contains a lot of juice and it is sweet to eat. The flesh inside is stuck in a hard peel.
Pineapple scientific name: Ananas comosus
It has a sweet taste with a little sour to eat. Pineapple fruit is green in raw and yellow or golden color when ripe. There is plenty of flesh inside it and the flesh of the fruit is juicy. The color of flesh is a light yellowish color, and these fleshes have bound by a thin peel. There are many small holes or eyes on the outside peel.
Quince fruit scientific name: Cydonia oblonga
This fruit is very similar to pears. It can be eaten both raw and ripe. The color of the fruit is golden or yellowish. Its inner fleshes are enclosed by a thin peel from the outside. The taste of its flesh is sweet and juicy. There are many small seeds inside the flesh.
Rambutan scientific name: Nephelium lappaceum
It is round shaped and leather-bearing fruit. The outer part of the rambutan fruit is bounded to the hair or fur. Its color is red or yellowish color. The meat inside it is sweet and juicy tested to eat. The flesh inside it is white in color and contains only one seed.
Salak scientific name: Salacca zalacca
Somewhere it is known as the fruit of snake. Its outer cover is slightly red or brown colored and when it becomes raw, it involves fur. It color changes as it grows to a full size, and the skin is becoming smooth. This fruit is very similar to Fig. Its inner flesh is the white color and inside the flesh is divided into 2-3 cells. It encloses each cell in a thin membrane (like garlic) and each cell contains one seed. The fruit is sweet to eat.
Soursop scientific name: Annona muricata
This is a tropical fruit that is oval shaped. It’s also called graviola or guyabano. The color of the fruit is green but is yellow when ripe. Soursop is juicy and sour to eat. This fruit tastes a lot like strawberry or apple and its smell like pineapple. Its outer cover is thorny and the inside is full with white flesh. There are some seeds inside this white flesh which color is black.
Sapodilla scientific name: Manilkara zapota
It is an equatorial and tropical sweet fruit, which is oval or round shaped. They are brown or deep brown in color. The outer skin of the fruit is thin and soft. The flesh inside it is crispy. They are creamy and sweet to eat. It has 1-4 black seeds inside the flesh.
Strawberry scientific name: Fragaria × ananassa
At the beginning of the season, the white flowers on the tree come out and when the fruit is full, it looks like a bright red color. Its outer cover is full of smalls indent. Strawberry fruit is a mix of sour and sweets to eat. The strawberry look like litchi on the outside and full of juice into inside.
Watermelon scientific name: Citrullus lanatus
This is a tropical fruit. It has many stripes of green and brown color visible from the outside. A thick skin from the outside encloses it. This fruit is full of a lot of flesh into inside. The inner part of the watermelon is usually red or pink. And there are many smalls’ seeds in inner flesh.